Enterococci are part of the normal intestinal flora of humans and animals. We have a symbiotic and positive relationship with enterococci, but they are increasingly seen as dangerous pathogens to humans and ones that pose severe risks since they have a natural resistance to antibiotics.
Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium are the most frequently identified species accounting for more than 90% of clinical practice isolates out of a possible 17 enterococci that we know of. Enterococcus faecium accounts for most vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infections.
Enterococci have both a natural and acquired resistance to antibiotics, which is why they are of such grave concern to doctors and nursing staff and why they have their place on the disturbing list of hospital-acquired pathogens.
Recent research offers an exciting way forward suggesting, as it does that probiotics are useful effective allies in the battle with Enterococci, but above all Probiotic Blend s which contain Lactobacillus Rhamnosus GG.
L. Rhamnosusis a probiotic bacterium. In 1983 Goldin and Gorbach found L.Rhamnosusin the human gut and proved that it was resilient enough to survive the high levels of acidity in the stomach and gastrointestinal tract. The strain is named L. Rhamnosus GG after the surnames of its discoverers.
Lactobacillus GG has been the subject of over 400 published studies that document its remarkable properties and justify its reputation as a major immunobiotic and factor in promoting good health.The protective effect of Lr1505 is associated with increased levels of mucosal IgA antibodies. Lactobacillus GG was first isolated from a healthy human in 1985.
And since then Lactobacillus GG research has shown it to be a trusted, efficient, effective immune-boosting probiotic, to the extent that social health programs, such as in Argentina, are proving its benefits by reducing illness in children.
Probiotics are taken for a number of health benefits.You may well be familiar with the probiotic products that are advertised on television as being able to help with digestion and to maintain regular bowel habits. However, many of these products can also contain harmful sugars (e.g. aspartame and sucralose or High Fructose Corn Syrup, or), binders and fillers and they may even provide too few active bacteria to be of any real benefit.
So, can we get all we need from food?
The answer is yes, to some extent, if we eat enough of certain types of food such as fermented foods or certain cheeses: Parmigiano cheese, for example, can have up to 10 million CFU of viable lactic acid bacteria per gram.
Drastically limit or completely cut out sugary food and drinks is an excellent way to maintain a healthy balance of flora in the mouth, gut and the whole body. Consider also adding probiotic-laden foods and beverages and fermented foods daily because the evidence for this overall improving health seems proven in one research paper after another.
But the problem, as we know is the word “daily” and most people, leading busy lives find that an easier way to ensure a healthy balance systemically is to supplement with a quality probiotic.
For the vast majority of people, daily probiotics produce wonderful health benefits. It is advised not take L.Rhamnosus supplementation if you suffer from a short-bowel syndrome, a weakened immune system or if pregnant or breastfeeding.
Probiotic treatment of vancomycin-resistant enterococci: a randomised controlled trial.
Manley, K, et al., Med J Aust., 2007;186(9):454.
Lactobacillus Rhamnosus GG clears vancomyc in resistant enterococci
Probiotic treatment vancomycin resistant enterococci randomised controlled trial
Successful treatment of relapsing Clostridium difficile colitis with Lactobacillus GG.
Gorbach SL, et al., Lancet,1987;2(8574):1519.
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